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英语定语从句试题

发布时间:2020-10-01 02:02:06

  单句改错

  1.(2016·四川)The dishes what I cooked were Mom's favorite.

  【答案与解析】what→that/which或去掉what 句意:我做的菜是妈妈最喜欢的。先行词dishes在定语从句中作宾语,故应用that,which或省略关系代词。

  2.(2014·广西)And it is wise to have as many good friends that we can.

  【答案与解析】that→as 句意:尽可能多交朋友是很明智的。本句是as...as...引导的定语从句,先行词是good friends,因为前面有as many修饰,所以关系代词使用as,指代先行词,并在句中作省略的have的宾语。

  单句填空

  1.(2016·新课标Ⅰ,65)But my connection with pandas goes back tomy days on a TV show in the mid1980s,________ I was the first Western TV reporter.

  【答案与解析】when 句意:……但是我是第一个被允许拍摄一个特殊的关于照料……的单元的西方电视台记者。先行词the mid1980s在定语从句中作时间状语,故应用when引导定语从句。

  2.(2016·新课标Ⅲ,67)Some people think that the great Chinese scholar Confucius,________ lived from roughly 551 to 479 B.C.,influenced the developmentof chopsticks.

  【答案与解析】who 句意:一些人认为生活在大约公元前551年到479年之间的中国的伟大学者孔子影响了筷子的发展进程。所填词引导非限制性定语从句并在从句中作主语,指人,所以填who。

  3.(2016·浙江,7)The study suggests that the cultures we grow up in influence the basic processes by ________ we see the world around us.

  【答案与解析】which 句意:研究表明我们成长的文化影响我们看周围世界的基本过程。这是一个定语从句,先行词为指物的the basic processes,所以介词by后面用which。

  4.(2016·浙江,11)Scientists have advanced many theories about why human beings cry tears,none of ________ has been proved.

  【答案与解析】which 句意:关于人类为什么哭的时候会流泪,科学家已经提出了很多理论,没有一个是被证明的。这是一个非限制性定语从句,先行词是theories,指物,定语从句用“代词+介词+关系代词which”引导。

   

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